Introduction to Linux

A Hands on Guide

Machtelt Garrels

CoreSequence.com


      
      

Version 1.9 20040101 Edition


Table of Contents
Introduction
1. Why this guide?
2. Who should read this book?
3. New versions of this guide
4. Revision History
5. Contributions
6. Feedback
7. Copyright information
8. What do you need?
9. Conventions used in this document
10. Organization of this document
1. What is Linux?
1.1. History
1.2. The user interface
1.3. Does Linux have a future?
1.4. Properties of Linux
1.5. Linux Flavors
1.6. Summary
1.7. Exercises
2. Quickstart
2.1. Logging in, activating the user interface and logging out
2.2. Absolute basics
2.3. Getting help
2.4. Summary
2.5. Exercises
3. About files and the file system
3.1. General overview of the Linux file system
3.2. Orientation in the file system
3.3. Manipulating files
3.4. File security
3.5. Summary
3.6. Exercises
4. Processes
4.1. Processes inside out
4.2. Boot process, Init and shutdown
4.3. Managing processes
4.4. Scheduling processes
4.5. Summary
4.6. Exercises
5. I/O redirection
5.1. What are standard input and standard output?
5.2. Summary
5.3. Exercises
6. Text editors
6.1. Text editors
6.2. Using the Vim editor
6.3. Linux in the office
6.4. Summary
6.5. Exercises
7. Home sweet /home
7.1. General good housekeeping
7.2. Your text environment
7.3. The graphical environment
7.4. Sound and video
7.5. Region specific settings
7.6. Installing new software
7.7. Summary
7.8. Exercises
8. Printers and printing
8.1. Printing files
8.2. The server side
8.3. Print problems
8.4. Summary
8.5. Exercises
9. Fundamental Backup Techniques
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Moving your data to a backup device
9.3. Summary
9.4. Exercises
10. Networking
10.1. Networking Overview
10.2. Internet/Intranet applications
10.3. Remote execution of applications
10.4. Security
10.5. Summary
10.6. Exercises
A. Where to go from here?
A.1. Useful Books
A.2. Useful sites
B. DOS versus Linux commands
C. Shell Features
C.1. Common features
C.2. Differing features
D. GNU Free Documentation License
D.1. Preamble
D.2. Applicability and definitions
D.3. Verbatim copying
D.4. Copying in quantity
D.5. Modifications
D.6. Combining documents
D.7. Collections of documents
D.8. Aggregation with independent works
D.9. Translation
D.10. Termination
D.11. Future revisions of this license
D.12. How to use this License for your documents
E. proc.txt
E.1. The /proc Filesystem
Glossary
List of Tables
1. Typographic and usage conventions
2-1. Quickstart commands
2-2. Key combinations in Bash
3-1. File types in a long list
3-2. Subdirectories of the root directory
3-3. Most common configuration files
3-4. Common devices
3-5. Color-ls default color scheme
3-6. Default suffix scheme for ls
3-7. Access mode codes
3-8. User group codes
3-9. File protection with chmod
3-10. New commands
4-1. Controlling processes
4-2. Process handling commands
7-1. Common environment variables
8-1. Printing related commands
9-1. Backup commands
B-1. Overview of DOS/Linux commands
C-1. Common Shell Features
C-2. Differing Shell Features
List of Figures
1-1. OpenOffice MS-compatible Spreadsheet
2-1. Terminal window
2-2. Konqueror as help browser
3-1. Linux file system layout
3-2. Hard and soft link mechanism
4-1. Fork-and-exec mechanism
4-2. Can't you go faster?
4-3. Gnome System Monitor
7-1. Xmms mp3 player
8-1. Printer Status through web interface
9-1. Floppy formatter
9-2. X-CD-Roast
10-1. Evolution mail and news reader
10-2. X-Chat
10-3. SSH X11 forwarding